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    Samuel de Champlain who started a settlement in Quebec and also discovered a lake named after him (Lake Champlain, on the border of New York and Vermont), which got the name in 1609. He played an improtant role in establishing and administering French colonies in the New Wold. Champlain explored the St. Lawrence River, the Saguenay River, and also explored the Gaspe Peninsula. He returned to France in 1603.   

    In 1604-1607, Champlain returned to Canada on Pierrede Mont's expedition and sailed around (and charted) most of the coastline of Nova Scotia (the Bay of Fundy), down the coast of Cape Cod, and then later to Rhode Island. He returned to Canada after a short time in France to help find a colony in Port Royal, Nova Scotia.    

    In 1608, Samuel de Champlain took 32 colonists down to settle in Quebec in order for it to establish a fur-trading center. Only nine of those colonists survived the first freezing winter, fortunately, more settlers began arriving in the summer. The fur-trading center was accomplished and finished.    


Where Champlain Sailed

    Samuel de Champlain explored many different places (and re-explored many places) ranging from land to ocean. He passed through (and discovered) Lake Champlain and sailed up the St Lawrence River and the Saguenay River. Yet, Champlain went through Nova Scotia, the coast of Cape cod and Martha's Vineyard, and then to Rhode Island. Samuel also traveled the Ottowa River, New York State, Great Lakes, and the Gaspe Peninsula.    

    Of course, being a French explorer, Samuel de Champlain must have first discovered about his land (France) and then started exploring Norht America and Canada.


Obastacles Champlain Faced

    Like any other explorer, Champlain faced many harsh obstacles to achieve his dream. Some were because of wars, lack of newer technology, and harsh winters.   

    In 1609, Samuel and his crewmen befriended the Huron Indians and helped them fight the Iroquois Indians. This battle led to 150 years of hatred and bitterness between both race. Again the French people had been attacked, but this time it was from the English people, who took over the Fort at Quebec in July, 1629.   

    How did they lack the more updated technology? No one knows exactly, but from our research, it seems like the French lacked the skill to prevent and cure sicknesses. This leads to another on of those obstacles. Samuel de Champlain brought 32 of his men to create a fur-trading center, but unfortunately, many of them died from diseases and illnesses. Only 28% of the settlers survived the first winter.   

    The last obstacle for Champlain was death. Champlain returned to be governor (1633) after the peace treaty in 1632, but died only 2 years later on December 25, 1635.